Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) is the dedicated method for electronic passenger data transfer widely used across the world, processing the data exchange between airlines DCS and the destination country of the passenger.
Advance Passenger Information (API) was supplied from airlines on a voluntary basis prior to the events of 9/11. Since 2001, and the implementation of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA), Passenger Information must be supplied via APIS, Advance Passenger Information System, enabling secure data sharing and access to critical information used by airlines and government departments to identify high-risk passengers, enforce border security and enhance aviation passenger safety.
The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA) established that the mandatory collection of advance passenger information was required to be supplied to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), for international passengers bound for the US, up to 72 hours prior to their departure.
Secure and swift collection, storage and transfer of passenger information exchange is critical for the compilation of secure flight passenger data (SFPD), as a mandatory requirement for every airline under TSA and DHS specifications. The provision of API is fast-becoming a requirement for more and more countries as the threat of terrorism leads to the necessity of enhanced passenger screening.
What constitutes secure flight passenger data?
Advance Passenger Information requires the collection, storage and transmission of the following airline passenger data:
Often, Advance Passenger Information is collected automatically, when passengers book through an online service or can be completed via the airline’s booking management website facility. It is essential that the advance passenger information is supplied in a timely manner, within 72 hours of departure time for international passengers outside the U.S. to prevent long processing delays on the ground. If the information not supplied within the strict guidelines, this can result in the refusal of the passenger boarding the aircraft altogether and can incur fines for airlines and operators of up to $5,000.
For internal, U.S. flights, the information is required a maximum of 30 minutes before departure time. The airline, under these circumstances, can transmit pre-departure passenger data transfer via Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) Batch Transmission or APIS Quick Query, which allows the transmission of real-time data as each passenger checks in.
Advance Passenger Information System is used for the electronic passenger data transfer, processing the data exchange between airlines and the destination country. Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) is world-recognised as the standard means of passenger data transfer processing, to enhance security operations, secure data interchange and integration with the Passenger Name Records information.
Find out more about Passenger Name Records.
Rockwell Collins’ ARINC AviSec leverages eight decades of aviation communications experience to ensure that a secure, cost-efficient messaging environment facilitates the swift and reliable communication of vital passenger data transfer takes place typically within one second via the Advance Passenger Information System (APIS).