The requirements for aviation security are set by governments and international bodies to ensure the safety of national and international borders, passengers and crew on commercial or private aircraft, and at airports. All aviation related businesses must comply with regulatory requirements set out or face significant penalties.
With the number of air passengers increasing year-on-year by an average of 5%, and under a growing threat of terrorist activity, border agencies and government departments are putting in place greater aviation security measures to safeguard the aviation industry as a whole from unlawful interference.
Since 9/11, aviation security requirements and implementations have increased considerably, which in turn has increased the pressure on airlines and operators to comply with mandatory regulations.
Find out more about Border Management Systems.
Passenger screening not only takes place at the airport on arrival, but is now mandatory in advance with Advance Passenger Information and Passenger Name Records being sent to the relevant governing bodies pre-check in.
The pre-arrival checks allow faster processing of legitimate passengers, and assist in combating terrorism and organised crime and is integral to all automated border management systems. In the event of a passenger or crew member being found to be of interest authorities can prevent boarding using Advance Passenger Information.
Currently, an increasing number of countries are implementing the requirement of Advance Passenger Information (API) to monitor the movements of travellers crossing borders.
Failure to comply with the supply of API can result in large fines for airlines and a refusal of boarding rights of passengers.
Passenger data transfer must be made in a timely fashion and is an essential requirement of the U.S. At the beginning of 2015 the U.K. also made the requirement of API a mandatory measure and other countries around the world are also expecting Advance Passenger Information to be transmitted in addition to Passenger Name Records (PNR), flight crew manifests and flight operational information before the aircraft leaves the originating country.
API is transmitted electronically and the system must remain secure at all stages of passenger data transfer. This critical data is often transferred via Type B messaging.
More information about Type B messaging.
Even with the enhanced checks being carried out pre-flight aviation security has been increased at airports. Policies differ from country to country but typical restrictions include: